Electronics, Vol. 10, Pages 1869: A Low Spur and Low Jitter Quadrature LO-Generator Using CML Inductive Peaking Technique for WLAN Transceiver
Electronics doi: 10.3390/electronics10151869
The demand for a local oscillator (LO) signal of high quality and integrity in local area network (WLAN) communication is growing with the increasing date rate. The LO signals for high data rate WLAN applications are desired to not only have proper shape waveforms and adequate voltage amplitude but also to achieve relatively stable and clean outputs with low phase noise and low spur. Fractional-N frequency planning is critical for a quadrature LO-generator, which is achieved by a single-sideband (SSB) mixer and multiple dividers since it can avoid the frequency pulling and alleviate the self-mixing and DC offset issues, while spur levels are easily increased due to harmonic mixing, imbalance, and leakage of the SSB mixer. This article proposes a simple and innovative quadrature LO-generator, which adopts a current-mode-logic (CML) inductive peaking (IP) circuit to improve phase noise and suppress spurious tones. Four types of LO delivery methods using IP circuits are proposed and compared. Among four methods, the CML-IP circuit presents the optimum performance for driving long wires of multi-mm length. Instead of previous digital spur cancellation, the CML-IP circuit achieves higher spur suppression, lower jitter, and a greater figure of merit (FoM). The quadrature LO-generator can be configured to either VCO mode or bypass mode supporting external VCO input. Implemented in 55 nm CMOS technology, the proposed quadrature LO-generator achieves −52.6 dBc spur suppression, −142 dBc/Hz phase noise at 1 MHz offset at the 4.8 GHz frequency, and −271 FoM. Furthermore, the quadrature LO-generator occupies an active area of 0.178 mm2 and consumes 23.86 mW.
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