Animals, Vol. 11, Pages 2808: Effects of Induced Malocclusion on Vertebral Alignment in Rats: A Controlled Study by CBCTs
Animals doi: 10.3390/ani11102808
Karol Alí Apaza Alccayhuaman
Erick Ricardo Silva
Samuel Porfirio Xavier
This study aimed to evaluate with CBCTs the alteration of vertebral alignment over time of induced malocclusion in rats. Crown pads increasing the vertical dimension of 0.5 mm were applied on the upper molars at one randomly selected side of the maxilla in rats (premature contact side) while the opposite side was left untreated (control side). Four groups were organized, ten animals each. In groups A, B, and C, the crowns were applied at time 0 (t-0). In group A, the crowns were removed after 2 weeks (t-2w) and euthanized after two more weeks, while in groups B and C, the animals were euthanized after 2 and 4 weeks (t-4w), respectively. No premature contacts were applied in group D. CBCTs were taken at t-0 in all animals before applying the crowns, at t-2w in group A before removing the crowns, and in all groups before the euthanasia. The changes in the iliac crest angle (ICA) that formed between the superior external margin of the iliac crest and the vertebral spine were evaluated. In groups A and B, after 2 weeks, the changes in ICA were statistically significant at p = 0.028 and p = 0.042, respectively. In group C, and in the control group D, the changes of ICA were not statistically significant (p = 0.058 and p = 0.414, respectively). In conclusion, the incease in monolateral occlusion in the molar region yielded a rotation of the lumbo-sacral segment towards the same side of the occlusal bite-raising.
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