IJERPH, Vol. 18, Pages 10148: Multiple Socioeconomic Circumstances and Initiation of Cardiovascular Medication among Ageing Employees
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph181910148
There are persisting socioeconomic differences in cardiovascular diseases, but studies on socioeconomic differences in the initiation of cardiovascular medication are scarce. This study examined the associations between multiple socioeconomic circumstances and cardiovascular medication. The Helsinki Health Study baseline survey (2000–2002) of 40–60-year-old employees was linked with cardiovascular medication data from national registers. The analyses included 5805 employees concerning lipid medication and 4872 employees concerning hypertension medication. Medication purchases were followed for 10 years. The analyses were made using logistic regression, and the odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated for childhood, conventional and material socioeconomic circumstances. Low parental education showed an association with lipid medication among women only (OR 1.34, 95% CI 1.11–1.61), whereas childhood economic difficulties showed more widespread associations. Low education and occupational class were associated with an increased risk of both hypertension (education: OR 1.58, 1.32–1.89; occupational class: 1.31, 1.08–1.59) and lipid medication (education: 1.34, 1.12–1.61; occupational class: 1.38, 1.13–1.67). Rented housing (1.35, 1.18–1.54 for hypertension medication; 1.21, 1.05–1.38 for lipid medication) and current economic difficulties (1.59, 1.28–1.98 for hypertension medication; 1.35, 1.07–1.71 for lipid medication) increased the risk. Several measures of socioeconomic circumstances acting at different stages of the life course were associated with cardiovascular medication, with individuals in disadvantageous socioeconomic circumstances having elevated risks.
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