JCM, Vol. 10, Pages 4433: The Effects of Modified Graded Recession, Anteriorization and Myectomy of Inferior Oblique Muscles on Superior Oblique Muscle Palsy
Journal of Clinical Medicine doi: 10.3390/jcm10194433
Jamie Jiin-Yi Chen
Background: The aim was to investigate the effect of inferior oblique (IO) operation (IO myectomy or graded recession and anteriorization) for unilateral and bilateral superior oblique muscle palsy (SOP); Methods: A total of 167 eyes undergoing IO surgery by a single surgeon between 2008 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The method for treating symmetric bilateral SOP was bilateral IO myectomy (n = 102) and the method for treating unilateral SOP or non-symmetric bilateral SOP was IO-graded recession and anteriorization (n = 65). Associated clinical results and other factors were analyzed; Results: Head tilt, vertical deviation, IO overaction, SO underaction degree and ocular torsion angle were all clearly changed, but there was no statistically significance between these two procedures. Mean preoperative torsional angle was 15.3 ± 6.4 degree, which decreased to 5.3 ± 2.7 degree after surgery. Preoperative torsional angle, IOOA and SOUA degree were all significantly affected in postoperative torsional angle (p = 0.025, 0.003 and 0.038). Horizontal rectus muscle and IO muscle operation did not interfere with each other’s results (p = 0.98); Conclusions: Symmetric bilateral SOP could be treated with bilateral IO myectomy and IO-graded recession and anteriorization should be reserved for unilateral SOP or non-symmetric bilateral SOP.
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