JPM, Vol. 11, Pages 965: The Role of IL-6 and ET-1 in the Diagnosis of Coronary MicroVascular Disease in Women
Journal of Personalized Medicine doi: 10.3390/jpm11100965
Background: Microvascular angina is a common clinical entity, with about a three-fold higher frequency in women. The pathogenesis of microvascular angina has not been much studied, but inflammation and endothelial dysfunction have been incriminated as the main mechanisms of this disease. Methoss: Our purpose was to analyze whether certain inflammatory markers, i.e., interleukin 6 (IL-6) and endothelin 1 (ET-1), can play a role in the diagnosis of microvascular angina in women. Results: Ninety women with ischemic heart disease were divided into two groups, based on their affliction with either microvascular or macrovascular disease. In general, the levels of IL6 and ET1 were similar between the two groups. Analyzing these marker levels according to the number of coronary lesions, we obtained an increased IL6 value that was similar for patients with microvascular angina, one-vessel, and two-vessel coronary disease, but significantly lower than in women with three-vessel coronary lesions. Also, in microvascular angina, IL6 level was correlated with the NYHA IV functional class. Unexpectedly, the level of ET1 was correlated with left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Conclusions: In women with an increased suspicion of microvascular angina, in whom microvascular dysfunction cannot be tested invasively, IL-6 level, unlike the ET-1 level, might be considered a diagnostic marker of this disease.
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