Materials, Vol. 14, Pages 5600: Covalent Organic Frameworks: New Materials Platform for Photocatalytic Degradation of Aqueous Pollutants
Materials doi: 10.3390/ma14195600
Covalent organic frameworks (COFs) are highly porous and crystalline polymeric materials, constructed by covalent bonds and extending in two or threedimensions. After the discovery of the first COF materials in 2005 by Yaghi et al., COFs have experienced exciting progress and exhibitedtheirpromising potential applications invarious fields, such as gas adsorption and separation, energy storage, optoelectronics, sensing and catalysis. Because of their tunablestructures, abundant, regular and customizable pores in addition to large specific surface area, COFs can harvest ultraviolet, visible and near-infrared photons, adsorb a large amount of substrates in internal structures and initiate surface redox reactions to act as effective organic photocatalysts for water splitting, CO2 reduction, organic transformations and pollutant degradation. In this review, we will discuss COF photocatalysts for the degradation of aqueous pollutants. The state-of-the-art paragon examples in this research area will be discussed according to the different structural type of COF photocatalysts. The degradation mechanism will be emphasized. Furthermore, the future development direction, challenges required to be overcome and the perspective in this field will be summarized in the conclusion.
Free full text: Read More