Materials, Vol. 14, Pages 5610: The Solidification/Stabilization of Wastewater (From a Landfill Leachate) in Specially Designed Binders Based on Coal Ash
Materials doi: 10.3390/ma14195610
The aim of this study is to assess the possibility to solidify/stabilize a liquid waste from a municipal waste landfill using binders based on coal ash (fly ash and bottom ash) and specially designed cements for waste treatment (INERCEM). The leaching test proved that all cementitious systems are efficient for the solidification/stabilization of the studied wastes and can reduce the leaching potential of heavy metals present in both liquid waste and coal ash. Therefore, these wastes cease to be a source of environmental pollution. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermal complex analysis (DTA-TG) were used to assess the nature and amount of compounds formed in these cementitious systems during the hydration and hardening processes; ettringite, calcium silicate hydrates and CaCO3 were the main compounds formed in these systems assessed by these methods. The microstructure of hardened specimens was assessed by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM); the presence of hydrate phases, at the surface of cenospheres present in fly ash, proved the high pozzolanic reactivity of this phase.
Free full text: Read More