Materials, Vol. 14, Pages 5627: Tensile and Impact Toughness Properties of a Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glass Fabricated via Laser Powder-Bed Fusion
Materials doi: 10.3390/ma14195627
In the past few years, laser powder-bed fusion (LPBF) of bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) has gained significant interest because of the high heating and cooling rates inherent to the process, providing the means to bypass the crystallization threshold. In this study, (for the first time) the tensile and Charpy impact toughness properties of a Zr-based BMG fabricated via LPBF were investigated. The presence of defects and lack of fusion (LoF) in the near-surface region of the samples resulted in low properties. Increasing the laser power at the borders mitigated LoF formation in the near-surface region, leading to an almost 27% increase in tensile yield strength and impact toughness. Comparatively, increasing the core laser power did not have a significant influence. It was therefore confirmed that, for BMGs like for crystalline alloys, near-surface LoFs are more detrimental than core LoFs. Although increasing the border and core laser power resulted in a higher crystallized fraction, detrimental to the mechanical properties, reducing the formation of LoF defects (confirmed using micro-computed tomography, Micro-CT) was comparatively more important.
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