Applied Mechanics, Vol. 2, Pages 714-727: An Economical and Mechanical Investigation on Local Post-Weld Heat Treatment for Stiffened Steel Plates in Bridge Structures
Applied Mechanics doi: 10.3390/applmech2040041
A heat treatment is effective for reducing the residual stress of the welded structures. A post-weld heat treatment (PWHT) requires a large heating apparatus (furnace). It requires a high energy, a long time, and a high cost. For examining the possibility of cost and energy saving in PWHT work, an economical and mechanical investigation of the local PWHT to stiffened plate members in steel bridges was conducted. The expense of apparatus for the furnace PWHT was 1.5 times higher than that of local PWHT by sheet-type ceramic heaters. When the number of heater units was reduced and were repeatedly used, the expense for the apparatus became lower. However, it took longer to complete the heat treatment than with the furnace PWHT or the local PWHT with full heater units. The thermal elastic-plastic finite element (FE) analysis examined the effect of local PWHT. The tendency of the stress distribution after the local PWHT differed from the welding residual stress or the stress after the furnace PWHT because of the temperature difference between the heated and the non-heated parts of the local PWHT. However, the effect of residual stress relief by the local PWHT could be almost the same as that of the furnace PWHT.
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