Coatings, Vol. 11, Pages 1188: Electrochemical Dechlorination of 3-chlorophenol with Palladium-Loaded Carbon Felt Electrode
Coatings doi: 10.3390/coatings11101188
Electrochemical dechlorination with Pd-loaded electrodes offers an effective method for detoxification of wastewater. Electro-reductive dechlorination of 3-chlorophenol (3-CP) with Pd loaded on carbon felt (Pd/CF) was investigated. Pd was loaded on carbon felt by electrolytic method. The prepared electrodes were characterized by XRD, SEM, EDS, S-TEM and CV. The sizes of the Pd particles loaded on CF were found in the range of 100–400 nm. The preparing conditions including loading amount of Pd and loading currents were investigated. Moreover, the reduction conditions including electrolytes, reductive currents and recycle times were also studied. The Pd/CF cathodes with Pd loading of 0.5 mg/cm2, preparing current of 5 mA, electrolyte concentration of 30 mmol/L NaCl and 30 mmol/L CH3COONa were used to reduce 3-CP for dechlorination. When CH3COONa was used as the electrolyte, the current was 5 mA, the initial pH was 7.5, the initial 3-CP concentration was 1 mmol/L and the degradation rate of 3-CP could reach 95.81% after reduction of 150 min under an argon atmosphere. The electrochemical reduction of 3-CP was confirmed to follow the first-order rate law. 3-CP was qualitatively dechlorinated to phenol on electrodes with Pd. The fact that active hydrogen formed on palladium during preliminary electrolysis could be proved by the dechlorinated 3-CP in non-electroreduction after preliminary electrolysis. A possible reduction pathway was proposed based on the results.
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