Genes, Vol. 12, Pages 1544: A Novel Variant in Superoxide Dismutase 1 Gene (p.V119M) in Als Patients with Pure Lower Motor Neuron Presentation
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive and fatal disorder characterized by degeneration of motor neurons in the cerebral cortex, brain stem, and spinal cord. Most cases of ALS appear sporadically, but 5–10% of patients have a family history of disease. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 gene (SOD1) have been found in 12–23% of familial cases and in 1–2% of sporadic cases. Currently, more than 180 different SOD1 gene variants have been identified in ALS patients. Here, we describe two apparently sporadic ALS patients carrying the same SOD1 c.355G&gt;A variant, leading to the p.V119M substitution, not previously described. Both the patients showed pure lower motor neuron phenotype. The former presented with the flail leg syndrome, a rare ALS variant, characterized by progressive distal onset weakness and atrophy of lower limbs, slow progression and better survival than typical ALS. The latter exhibited rapidly progressive weakness of upper and lower limbs, neither upper motor neuron nor bulbar involvement, and shorter survival than typical ALS. We provide an accurate description of the phenotype, and a bioinformatics analysis of the p.V119M variant on protein structure. This study may increase the knowledge about genotype-phenotype correlations in ALS and improve the approach to ALS patients.
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