JCM, Vol. 10, Pages 4510: Postnatal Repair of Open Neural Tube Defects: A Single Center with 90-Month Interdisciplinary Follow-Up
Journal of Clinical Medicine doi: 10.3390/jcm10194510
After publication of the Management of Myelomeningocele Study (MOMS) there is confusion regarding which treatment of open neural tube defects (NTD) is best. We report our results of postnatally repaired open NTDs born between 2007–2018 (n = 36) in critical reflection of the MOMS study. Neurosurgical, orthopedic, and urologic data were assessed. We also introduce a new entity: “status post prenatal repair”. FU ranged from 29 to 161 months (mean: 89.1 m) in 7 cases of myeloschisis and 24 myelomeningoceles in the final collective n = 31. The shunt rate was 41.9%, and the endoscopic third ventriculostomy rate was 16.1%. Hydrocephalus requiring treatment was not associated with the anatomical level, but with premature birth (p = 0.048). Myeloschisis was associated with shunt placement (p = 0.008). ROC analysis revealed birth &lt;38.5th week predicts the necessity for hydrocephalus treatment (sensitivity: 89%; specificity: 77%; AUC= 0.71; p = 0.055). Eight (25.8%), patients are wheelchair-bound, 2 (6.5%) ambulate with a posterior walker, 10 (32.3%) with orthosis and 11 (35.5%) independently. One (3.2%) patient underwent detethering at 5.5 years. A total of three patients underwent five Chiari decompressions (9.6%). Further, nineteen orthopedic procedures were performed in nine patients (29.0%). A total of 17 (54.8%) patients self-catheterize, which was associated with an anatomical lesion at L3 or below (p = 0.032) and 23 (74.2%) take anticholinergic medication. In conclusion, shunt dependency is associated with myeloschisis, not with the anatomical defect level. Hydrocephalus treatment is associated with premature birth. In this postnatal cohort with significantly longer follow-up data than the MOMs study, the ambulation rate is better, the shunt rate lower and the secondary tethered cord rate better compared to the MOMS study.
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