JPM, Vol. 11, Pages 977: Therapeutic Interaction of Apatinib and Chidamide in T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia through Interference with Mitochondria Associated Biogenesis and Intrinsic Apoptosis
Journal of Personalized Medicine doi: 10.3390/jpm11100977
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) shows poor clinical outcome and has limited therapeutic options, indicating that new treatment approaches for this disease are urgently required. Our previous study demonstrated that apatinib, an orally selective VEGFR-2 antagonist, is highly effective in T-ALL. Additionally, chidamide, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, has proven to be cytotoxic against T-ALL in preclinical and clinical settings. However, whether the therapeutic interaction of apatinib and chidamide in T-ALL remains unknown. In this study, apatinib and chidamide acted additively to decrease cell viability and induce apoptosis in T-ALL in vitro. Notably, compared with apatinib or chidamide alone, the combinational regimen was more efficient in abrogating the leukemia burden in the spleen and bone marrow of T-ALL patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models. Mechanistically, the additive antileukemia effect of apatinib and chidamide was associated with suppression of mitochondrial respiration and downregulation of the abundance levels of several rate-limiting enzymes that are involved in the citric acid cycle and oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS). In addition, apatinib enhanced the antileukemia effect of chidamide on T-ALL via activation of the mitochondria-mediated apoptosis pathway and impediment of mitochondrial biogenesis. Taken together, the study provides a potential role for apatinib in combination with chidamide in the management of T-ALL and warrants further clinical evaluations of this combination in patients with T-ALL.
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