Materials, Vol. 14, Pages 5677: Exploring the Influence Factors of Early Hydration of Ultrafine Cement
Materials doi: 10.3390/ma14195677
This work intends to contribute to the understanding of the influence factors of early hydration of ultrafine cement by focusing on the different fineness, different kinds of hardening accelerators, and different curing temperatures. Isothermal calorimetry, thermogravimetry, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) were performed to compare the hydration and chemical evolution of pastes containing accelerators with different fineness and curing temperatures; meanwhile, mechanical properties and water absorption were tested. The results showed that the cement fineness had a significant effect on the early hydration process; the smaller the cement particle size, the higher the early compressive strength. The 24 h compressive strength of ultrafine cement with a particle diameter of 6.8μm could reach 55.94 MPa, which was 118% higher than the reference cement. Water absorption test results indicated that adding 1% Ca(HCOO)2 to ultrafine cement can effectively reduce the water absorption, and it was only 1.93% at 28 d, which was 46% lower than the reference cement. An increase in curing temperature accelerated the activation of ultrafine cement in terms of the strength development rate, and the content of Ca(OH)2 in the ultrafine cement paste could reach 13.09% after being mixed with water for 24 h, which was 22% higher than that of the reference cement.
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