Water, Vol. 13, Pages 2704: Cyanide Removal and Recovery by Electrochemical Crystallization Process
Water doi: 10.3390/w13192704
Alkaline chlorination, an efficient but high chemical cost process, is commonly employed for cyanide (CN−) removal from CN-rich wastewater streams. CN− removal and recovery through the precipitation of Prussian Blue (Fe4III[FeII(CN)6]3, PB) or Turnbull’s Blue (Fe3II[FeIII(CN)6]2, TB) were realized using iron salts, leading to a cost-effective and sustainable process producing a valuable recovery product. However, the precipitation of PB and TB is highly affected by pH and dissolved oxygen (DO). CN− removal and recovery from CN-containing water by crystallization of PB and/or TB were investigated using dissolved iron that was electrochemically generated from a sacrificial iron anode under various pH values, initial CN− levels (10 to100 mg/L) and DO levels (aeration, mechanical mixing, and N2 purging). It was shown that the complexation of CN− with Fe ions prevented the vaporization of HCN under acidic pH. At pH of 7 and initial CN− concentration of 10 mg/L, CN− removal efficiency increases linearly with increasing Fe:CN− molar ratios, reaching 80% at the Fe:CN− molar ratio of 5. A clear blue precipitate was observed between the pH range of 5–7. CN− removal increases with increasing initial CN− concentration, resulting in residual CN− concentrations of 8, 7.5 and 12 mg/L in the effluent with the Fe:CN− molar ratio of 0.8 for initial concentrations of 10, 50 and 100 mg CN−/L, respectively. A polishing treatment with H2O2 oxidation was employed to lower the residual CN− concentration to meet the discharge limit of &lt;1 mg CN−/L.
Free full text: Read More