Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 9467: Identification for Abutment Stress by Drilling Cuttings
Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app11209467
The concentration of abutment pressure acting on coal seams induced by mining is a key factor to trigger rock burst. Understanding of abutment pressure or stress concentration is fundamental in preventing and controlling rock burst. The influence on abutment pressure fluctuation caused by the inhomogeneity of coal seams needs to be considered, but it is difficult to obtain by the present usual ways such as acoustic transmission, electromagnetic wave transmission, etc. In this article, the relationship between the amount of cuttings drilled in a coal seam and stress level was analyzed by considering the effect of drilling cutting expansion, and the drilling cutting test was carried out in Xinglongzhuang Coal Mine, Shandong Energy Ltd. It is found that the amount of cuttings drilled is positively related to the degree of stress concentration in both the plastic fracture zone and elastic zone. The amount of drilling cuttings is closely related to the roof weighting. In addition, the irregular fluctuation of drilling cuttings is an approximate map of distribution of stress concentration because of the non-uniformity of cracks and other defects in the coal seam. In order to meet the need of rock burst prevention by accurate pressure relief in high-stress zones, enough boreholes are needed.
Free full text: Read More