Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 9472: Echocardiography in the Diagnosis and Management of Tricuspid Atresia
Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app11209472
P. Syamasundar Rao
This review focuses on the utility of echocardiographic studies in the diagnosis of tricuspid atresia (TA) and in its management. Tricuspid atresia is a cyanotic congenital heart defect (CHD) accounting for nearly 1.5% of all CHDs. It is generally classified according to the morphology of the atretic tricuspid valve and associated heart defects. Following the description of the anatomic features of TA, echocardiographic features characteristic for TA were illustrated. Subsequent to a review of palliative and corrective procedures to treat TA, echocardiographic evaluation at each stage of Fontan was detailed. The role of echocardiography in the assessment of cardiac defects responsible for interstage mortality was also addressed. It was concluded that echo-Doppler studies are useful in the diagnosis and management of TA.
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