Modelling, Vol. 2, Pages 482-513: Automated Machine Learning Pipeline for Traffic Count Prediction
Modelling doi: 10.3390/modelling2040026
Research indicates that the projection of traffic volumes is a valuable tool for traffic management. However, few studies have examined the application of a universal automated framework for car traffic volume prediction. Within this limited literature, studies using broad data sets and inclusive predictors have been inadequate; such works have not incorporated a comprehensive set of linear and nonlinear algorithms utilizing a robust cross-validation approach. The proposed model pipeline introduced in this study automatically identifies the most appropriate feature-selection method and modeling approach to reduce the mean absolute percentage error. We utilized hyperparameter optimization to generate a universal automated framework, distinct from model optimization techniques that rely on a single case study. The resulting model can be independently customized to any respective project. Automating much of this process minimizes the work and expertise required for traffic count forecasting. To test the applicability of our models, we used Florida historical traffic data from between 2001 and 2017. The results confirmed that nonlinear models outperformed linear models in predicting passenger vehicles’ monthly traffic volumes in this specific case study. By employing the framework developed in this study, transportation planners could identify the critical links on US roads that incur overcapacity issues.
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