Applied Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 9533: A Laser Irradiation Method for Controlling Pieris rapae Larvae
Applied Sciences doi: 10.3390/app11209533
At present, chemical pesticides remain the main approach for controlling Pieris rapae (L.) (Lepidoptera: Pieridae). This research proposes a novel laser irradiation method for managing P. rapae larvae as an alternative to chemical control. The effectiveness of controlling larvae and the influencing factors of lasers were studied to estimate optimal parameter combinations. Tests using the antifeedant effect and mortality of the larvae as dependent variables showed that the laser power, irradiation area, laser opening time and irradiation position were positively correlated with the P. rapae controlling effect. The optimal parameters for each factor were the following: laser power, 7.5 W; irradiation area, 6.189 mm2; laser opening time, 1.177 s; and irradiation position, middle of the abdomen. Based on these observations, a validation experiment was performed using the optimal combination of parameters, and the results showed that the antifeedant percentage of P. rapae larvae within 24 h posttreatment was 98.49%, whereas the mortality rate was 100%. The optimal parameter combination identified in the study was suitable for P. rapae larvae from the first- to fifth-instar stages, and a more effective controlling effect was observed with the younger larvae. These results can provide a theoretical basis for future pest control using laser pest-killing robots.
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