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IJMS, Vol. 23, Pages 115: chi-miR-487b-3p Inhibits Goat Myoblast Proliferation and Differentiation by Targeting IRS1 through the IRS1/PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway

International Journal of Molecular Sciences doi: 10.3390/ijms23010115

Authors:
Ming Lyu
Xu Wang
Xiangyu Meng
Hongrun Qian
Qian Li
Baoxia Ma
Zhiying Zhang
Kun Xu

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed small noncoding RNAs and play critical roles in the regulation of post-transcriptional gene expression. Our previous study uncovered that chi-miR-487b-3p is widespread in different goat tissues, which is significantly higher in muscle, especially in lamb. Here, we demonstrate the role of chi-miR-487b-3p as a myogenic miRNA that regulates skeletal muscle development. chi-miR-487b-3p overexpression was demonstrated to significantly inhibit goat myoblast proliferation and differentiation, whereas chi-miR-487b-3p inhibition resulted in the opposite effects. Next, chi-miR-487b-3p was predicted to target the 3′UTR of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) gene by Target-Scan and miRDB. The results of dual-luciferase assay, RT-qPCR, and western blot all confirmed that IRS1 might be a direct target of chi-miR-487b-3p as its expression was negatively regulated by chi-miR-487b-3p. siRNA silencing of IRS1 further demonstrated significant inhibition on goat myoblast proliferation and differentiation, confirming the effect of IRS1 downregulation by chi-miR-487b-3p in myogenesis. In addition, chi-miR-487b-3p knockout goat myoblast clones were generated using CRISPR/Cas9 technology, and we further illustrated that chi-miR-487b-3p regulates goat myoblast growth through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway by targeting IRS1. Collectively, our work demonstrated that chi-miR-487b-3p is a potent inhibitor of skeletal myogenesis and provided new insights into the mechanisms of miRNA on the regulation of goat growth.

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