Sensors, Vol. 22, Pages 106: Performance Index for Extrinsic Calibration of LiDAR and Motion Sensor for Mapping and Localization

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s22010106

Gamin Kim

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a sensor that uses a laser to represent the surrounding environment in three-dimensional information. Thanks to the development of LiDAR, LiDAR-based applications are being actively used in autonomous vehicles. In order to effectively use the information coming from LiDAR, extrinsic calibration which finds the translation and the rotation relationship between LiDAR coordinate and vehicle coordinate is essential. Therefore, many studies on LiDAR extrinsic calibration are steadily in progress. The performance index (PI) of the calibration parameter is a value that quantitatively indicates whether the obtained calibration parameter is similar to the true value or not. In order to effectively use the obtained calibration parameter, it is important to validate the parameter through PI. Therefore, in this paper, we propose an algorithm to obtain the performance index for the calibration parameter between LiDAR and the motion sensor. This performance index is experimentally verified in various environments by Monte Carlo simulation and validated using CarMaker simulation data and real data. As a result of verification, the PI of the calibration parameter obtained through the proposed algorithm has the smallest value when the calibration parameter has a true value, and increases as an error is added to the true value. In other words, it has been proven that PI is convex to the calibration parameter. In addition, it is able to confirm that the PI obtained using the proposed algorithm provides information on the effect of the calibration parameters on mapping and localization.

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