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Sustainability, Vol. 14, Pages 172: Sustainable Management of the Electrical-Energy–Water–Food Nexus Using Robust Optimization

Sustainability doi: 10.3390/su14010172

Authors:
Morteza Ahangari Hassas
Navid Taghizadegan Kalantari
Behnam Mohammadi-Ivatloo
Amin Safari

The significance of the security of electrical energy, water, and food resources in the future, which are inextricably connected, has led to increasing attention to this important issue in studies. This is an issue inattention to which can have irreparable consequences in the future. One of the sectors where electrical energy, water, and food are very closely associated is agriculture. Undoubtedly, the ability to properly manage electrical energy, hydropower, and food resources that have many uncertainties brings about the development of agriculture on the one hand and the optimal allocation of electrical energy, water, and land resources on the other. Thus, while reaching the highest economic profit, the greenhouse gas emissions reach the minimum possible value too. In this study, via robust optimization and by precisely considering the existing uncertainties, a model was developed for the optimal allocation of electrical energy, water, and land resources for a region in the north of China. In addition to acknowledging the close relationship between electrical energy, water, and food sources, the results show the method’s effectiveness for sustainable management in agriculture.

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MDPI Publishing