Metabolites, Vol. 12, Pages 23: The Proteomic Signature of Intestinal Acute Rejection in the Mouse

Metabolites doi: 10.3390/metabo12010023

Mihai Oltean
Jasmine Bagge
George Dindelegan
Diarmuid Kenny
Antonio Molinaro
Mats Hellström
Ola Nilsson
Carina Sihlbom
Anna Casselbrant
Marcela Davila
Michael Olausson

Intestinal acute rejection (AR) lacks a reliable non-invasive biomarker and AR surveillance is conducted through frequent endoscopic biopsies. Although citrulline and calprotectin have been suggested as AR biomarkers, these have limited clinical value. Using a mouse model of intestinal transplantation (ITx), we performed a proteome-wide analysis and investigated rejection-related proteome changes that may eventually be used as biomarkers. ITx was performed in allogenic (Balb/C to C57Bl) and syngeneic (C57Bl) combinations. Graft samples were obtained three and six days after transplantation (n = 4/time point) and quantitative proteomic analysis with iTRAQ-labeling and mass spectrometry of whole tissue homogenates was performed. Histology showed moderate AR in all allografts post-transplantation at day six. Nine hundred and thirty-eight proteins with at least three unique peptides were identified in the intestinal grafts. Eighty-six proteins varying by >20% between time points and/or groups had an alteration pattern unique to the rejecting allografts: thirty-seven proteins and enzymes (including S100-A8 and IDO-1) were significantly upregulated whereas forty-nine (among other chromogranin, ornithine aminotransferase, and arginase) were downregulated. Numerous proteins showed altered expression during intestinal AR, several of which were previously identified to be involved in acute rejection, although our results also identified previously unreported proteome changes. The metabolites and downstream metabolic pathways of some of these proteins and enzymes may become potential biomarkers for intestinal AR.

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