Nutrients, Vol. 14, Pages 113: Synthesis, Stability, and Bioavailability of Nicotinamide Riboside Trioleate Chloride

Nutrients doi: 10.3390/nu14010113

Amin Zarei
Leila Khazdooz
Sara Madarshahian
Mojtaba Enayati
Imann Mosleh
Tiantian Lin
Bing Yan
Gerhard Ufheil
Timothy James Wooster
Alireza Abbaspourrad

Nicotinamide riboside chloride (NRCl) is an effective form of vitamin B3. However, it cannot be used in ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages or high-water activity foods because of its intrinsic instability in water. To address this issue, we synthesized nicotinamide riboside trioleate chloride (NRTOCl) as a new hydrophobic nicotinamide riboside (NR) derivative. Contrary to NRCl, NRTOCl is soluble in an oil phase. The results of stability studies showed that NRTOCl was much more stable than NRCl both in water and in oil-in-water emulsions at 25 °C and 35 °C. Finally, we evaluated the bioavailability of NRTOCl by studying its digestibility in simulated intestinal fluid. The results demonstrated that NRTOCl was partially digestible and released NR in the presence of porcine pancreatin in a simulated intestinal fluid. This study showed that NRTOCl has the potential to be used as an NR derivative in ready-to-drink (RTD) beverages and other foods and supplement applications.

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