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Sensors, Vol. 22, Pages 166: Advancing Smart Home Awareness—A Conceptual Computational Modelling Framework for the Execution of Daily Activities of People with Alzheimer’s Disease

Sensors doi: 10.3390/s22010166

Authors:
Nikolaos Liappas
José Gabriel Teriús-Padrón
Rebeca Isabel García-Betances
María Fernanda Cabrera-Umpiérrez

Utilizing context-aware tools in smart homes (SH) helps to incorporate higher quality interaction paradigms between the house and specific groups of users such as people with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). One method of delivering these interaction paradigms acceptably and efficiently is through context processing the behavior of the residents within the SH. Predicting human behavior and uncertain events is crucial in the prevention of upcoming missteps and confusion when people with AD perform their daily activities. Modelling human behavior and mental states using cognitive architectures produces computational models capable of replicating real use case scenarios. In this way, SHs can reinforce the execution of daily activities effectively once they acquire adequate awareness about the missteps, interruptions, memory problems, and unpredictable events that can arise during the daily life of a person living with cognitive deterioration. This paper presents a conceptual computational framework for the modelling of daily living activities of people with AD and their progression through different stages of AD. Simulations and initial results demonstrate that it is feasible to effectively estimate and predict common errors and behaviors in the execution of daily activities under specific assessment tests.

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