Abdella HM, Farssi E, Broom HO, Hadden DR, D. A., & Dalton CF. Eating behaviours and food cravings; influence of age, sex, BMI and FTO genotype. Nutrients. 2019;11(2). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11020377.
Afshin A, Sur PJ, Fay KA, Cornaby L, Ferrara G, Salama JS, Mullany EC, Abate KH, Abbafati C, Abebe Z, Afarideh M, Aggarwal A, Agrawal S, Akinyemiju T, Alahdab F, Bacha U, Bachman VF, Badali H, Badawi A, … Murray CJL. Health effects of dietary risks in 195 countries, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the global burden of disease study 2017. Lancet. 2019;393(10184):1958–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(19)30041-8.
Alhusseini N, Alqahtani A. COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on eating habits in Saudi Arabia. J Public Health Res. 2020;9(3):Article 3. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1868.
Aman F, Masood S. How nutrition can help to fight against COVID-19 pandemic. Pak J Med Sci. 2020;36(COVID19-S4):121–3. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2776.
Brief-COPE – NovoPsych Psychometrics. n.d. Retrieved April 26, 2020, from https://novopsych.com.au/assessments/brief-cope/.
Caruso CC, Bushnell T, Eggerth D, Heitmann A, Kojola B, Newman K, Rosa RR, Sauter SL, Vila B. Long working hours, safety, and health: toward a national research agenda. Am J Ind Med. 2006;49(11):930–42. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.20373.
Certains achètent 3 000 LL de viande « pour donner un peu de goût à leurs plats ». (2020, July 4). L’Orient-Le Jour. https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1224672/certains-achetent-3-000-ll-de-viande-pour-donner-un-peu-de-gout-a-leurs-plats-.html.
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) – World Health Organization. n.d. Retrieved December 4, 2020, from https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019.
Di Renzo L, Gualtieri P, Pivari F, Soldati L, Attinà A, Cinelli G, Leggeri C, Caparello G, Barrea L, Scerbo F, Esposito E, De Lorenzo A. Eating habits and lifestyle changes during COVID-19 lockdown: an Italian survey. J Transl Med. 2020;18(1):229. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-020-02399-5.
En pleine inflation, l’armée retire la viande de ses repas. (2020, June 30). L’Orient-Le Jour. https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1224099/en-pleine-inflation-larmee-retire-la-viande-de-ses-repas.html.
Food Prices in Lebanon. (n.d.). Retrieved November 18, 2020, from https://www.numbeo.com/food-prices/country_result.jsp?country=Lebanon.
Frenk J, Chen L, Bhutta ZA, Cohen J, Crisp N, Evans T, Fineberg H, Garcia P, Ke Y, Kelley P, Kistnasamy B, Meleis A, Naylor D, Pablos-Mendez A, Reddy S, Scrimshaw S, Sepulveda J, Serwadda D, Zurayk H. Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. Lancet. 2010;376(9756):1923–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61854-5.
Galobardes B, Shaw M, Lawlor DA, Lynch JW. Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1). J Epidemiol Community Health. 2006;60(1):7–12. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2004.023531.
Hadaye R, Pathak B, Lavangare S. Nutritional status of the student nurses of a tertiary health-care center – a mixed-method study. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2019;8(3):1028–34. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_314_18.
Honey M, Wang WY. New Zealand nurses perceptions of caring for patients with influenza A (H1N1). Nurs Crit Care. 2013;18(2):63–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1478-5153.2012.00520.x.
Jung H, Dan H, Pang Y, Kim B, Jeong H, Lee JE, Kim O. Association between dietary habits, shift work, and the metabolic syndrome: the Korea nurses’ health study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(20):7697. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207697.
King University Online. Nurse-to-patient ratio: how many is too many? 2019. https://nursingcenter.com/ncblog/december-2019/nurse-patient-ratio.
Leigh JH, Martin C. A review of situational influence paradigms and research. Rev Mark. 1981:57–74.
Lenglet F. Le processus de choix alimentaire et ses déterminants: Vers une prise en compte des caractéristiques psychologiques du consommateur [Theses, Université de Savoie]. 2006. https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01259793.
Liu KQ, Ding XY, Zhao WH. Influence of dietary pattern on human immunity. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2020;100(48):3890–6. https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112137-20200728-02234.
Liu Q, Luo D, Haase JE, Guo Q, Wang XQ, Liu S, Xia L, Liu Z, Yang J, Yang BX. The experiences of health-care providers during the COVID-19 crisis in China: a qualitative study. Lancet Glob Health. 2020;8(6):e790-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30204-7.
Marshall AP, Takefala T, Williams LT, Spencer A, Grealish L, Roberts S. Health practitioner practices and their influence on nutritional intake of hospitalised patients. Int J Nurs Sci. 2019;6(2):162–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnss.2019.03.008.
Mohseni H, Amini S, Abiri B, Kalantar M, Kaydani M, Barati B, Pirabbasi E, Bahrami F. Are history of dietary intake and food habits of patients with clinical symptoms of COVID 19 different from healthy controls? A case–control study. Clin Nutr ESPEN. 2021;42:280–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2021.01.021.
Monaghan T, Dinour L, Liou D, Shefchik M. Factors influencing the eating practices of hospital nurses during their shifts. Workplace Health Saf. 2018;66(7):331–42. https://doi.org/10.1177/2165079917737557.
Power BT, Kiezebrink K, Allan JL, Campbell MK. Understanding perceived determinants of nurses’ eating and physical activity behaviour: a theory-informed qualitative interview study. BMC Obes. 2017;4(1):18. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40608-017-0154-4.
Price Rankings by Country of Milk (regular), (1 liter) (Markets). n.d. Retrieved November 18, 2020, from https://www.numbeo.com/cost-of-living/country_price_rankings?itemId=8.
Rassin M, Silner D. Trends in nursing staff allocation: the nurse-to-patient ratio and skill mix issues in Israel. Int Nurs Rev. 2007;54(1):63–9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-7657.2007.00529.x.
Said NB, Chiang VCL. The knowledge, skill competencies, and psychological preparedness of nurses for disasters: a systematic review. Int Emerg Nurs. 2020;48:100806. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ienj.2019.100806.
Samhat Z, Attieh R, Sacre Y. Relationship between night shift work, eating habits and BMI among nurses in Lebanon. BMC Nurs. 2020;19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-020-00412-2.
Sánchez-Sánchez E, Ramírez-Vargas G, Avellaneda-López Y, Orellana-Pecino JI, García-Marín E, Díaz-Jimenez J. Eating habits and physical activity of the Spanish population during the COVID-19 pandemic period. Nutrients. 2020;12(9):2826. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092826.
Sharma SK, Rani R. Nurse-to-patient ratio and nurse staffing norms for hospitals in India: a critical analysis of national benchmarks. J Fam Med Prim Care. 2020;9(6):2631–7. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_248_20.
Sijtsema S, Linnemann A, van Gaasbeek T, Dagevos H, Jongen W. Variables influencing food perception reviewed for consumer-oriented product development. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2002;42(6):565–81. https://doi.org/10.1080/20024091054256.
The Decade of Action on Nutrition 2016-2025—UNSCN. n.d. Retrieved December 4, 2020, from https://www.unscn.org/en/topics/un-decade-of-action-on-nutrition.
Torres SJ, Nowson CA. Relationship between stress, eating behavior, and obesity. Nutrition. 2007;23(11–12):887–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nut.2007.08.008.
Usher K, Gardner A, Buttner P, Woolley T, Sando J, White K, West C. The H1N1 influenza 09 and its potential impact on the Australian nursing workforce. Collegian. 2009;16(4):169–70. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.colegn.2009.10.001.
Wong H, Wong MCS, Wong SYS, Lee A. The association between shift duty and abnormal eating behavior among nurses working in a major hospital: a cross-sectional study. Int J Nurs Stud. 2010;47(8):1021–7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2010.01.001.
Neufeld LM, Hendriks S, Hugas M. Healthy diet: A definition for the United Nations Food Systems Summit 2021. 2020. Available from: https://www.un.org/sites/un2.un.org/files/healthy_diet_draft-scientific_group_25-11-2020.pdf.
Lockyer S. Effects of diets, foods and nutrients on immunity: Implications for COVID-19? Nutrition Bulletin. 2020;45(4):456–73.
Gombart AF, Pierre A, Maggini S. A Review of Micronutrients and the Immune System–Working in Harmony to Reduce the Risk of Infection. Nutrients. 2020;12(1):236.
Barrington WE, Beresford SAA, McGregor BA, White E. Perceived stress and eating behaviors by gender, obesitystatus, and stress vulnerability: findings from the Vitamins and Lifestyle (VITAL) study. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2014;114(11):1791–9.
CDC. Obesity is a Common, Serious, and Costly Disease [Internet]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2012 [cited 2021 Sep 26]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/adult.html.
Barrea L, Muscogiuri G, Frias-Toral E, Laudisio D, Pugliese G, Castellucci B, et al. Nutrition and immune system: from the Mediterranean diet to dietary supplementary through the microbiota. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020;0(0):1–25.
Carvalho KMB, Ronca DB, Michels N, Huybrechts I, Cuenca-Garcia M, Marcos A, et al. Does the Mediterranean Diet Protect against Stress-Induced Inflammatory Activation in European Adolescents? The HELENA Study. Nutrients. 2018;10(11):1770.
Shively CA, Appt SE, Chen H, Day SM, Frye BM, Shaltout HA, et al. Mediterranean diet, stress resilience, and aging in nonhuman primates. Neurobiology of Stress. 2020;13:100254.
Infusino F, Marazzato M, Mancone M, Fedele F, Mastroianni CM, Severino P, et al. Diet Supplementation, Probiotics, and Nutraceuticals in SARS-CoV-2 Infection: A Scoping Review. Nutrients. 2020;12(6):1718.
Alkhatib A. Antiviral Functional Foods and Exercise Lifestyle Prevention of Coronavirus. Nutrients. 2020;12(9):2633.
Moreb NA, Albandary A, Jaiswal S, Jaiswal AK. Fruits and Vegetables in the Management of Underlying Conditions for COVID-19 High-Risk Groups. Foods. 2021;10(2):389.
Majumder D, Debnath M, Sharma KN, Shekhawat SS, Prasad GBKS, Maiti D, et al. Olive Oil Consumption Can Prevent Non-communicable Diseases and COVID-19: A Review. Bentham Science Publishers; 2021.
Rights and permissions
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.