• Clegg A, Young J, Iliffe S, Rikkert MO, Rockwood K. Frailty in elderly people. Lancet. 2013;381(9868):752–62.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Flaatten H, De Lange DW, Morandi A, Andersen FH, Artigas A, Bertolini G, Boumendil A, Cecconi M, Christensen S, Faraldi L, et al. The impact of frailty on ICU and 30-day mortality and the level of care in very elderly patients (>/= 80 years). Intensive Care Med. 2017;43(12):1820–8.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Muscedere J, Waters B, Varambally A, Bagshaw SM, Boyd JG, Maslove D, Sibley S, Rockwood K. The impact of frailty on intensive care unit outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Intensive Care Med. 2017;43(8):1105–22.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Bagshaw SM, Stelfox HT, McDermid RC, Rolfson DB, Tsuyuki RT, Baig N, Artiuch B, Ibrahim Q, Stollery DE, Rokosh E, et al. Association between frailty and short- and long-term outcomes among critically ill patients: a multicentre prospective cohort study. CMAJ. 2014;186(2):E95-102.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Bagshaw SM, Stelfox HT, Johnson JA, McDermid RC, Rolfson DB, Tsuyuki RT, Ibrahim Q, Majumdar SR. Long-term association between frailty and health-related quality of life among survivors of critical illness: a prospective multicenter cohort study. Crit Care Med. 2015;43(5):973–82.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Brummel NE, Bell SP, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Thompson JL, Chandrasekhar R, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, et al. Frailty and subsequent disability and mortality among patients with critical illness. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2017;196(1):64–72.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • De Biasio JC, Mittel AM, Mueller AL, Ferrante LE, Kim DH, Shaefi S. Frailty in critical care medicine: a review. Anesth Analg. 2020;130(6):1462–73.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Pugh RJ, Ellison A, Pye K, Subbe CP, Thorpe CM, Lone NI, Clegg A. Feasibility and reliability of frailty assessment in the critically ill: a systematic review. Crit Care. 2018;22(1):49.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Rockwood K, Song X, MacKnight C, Bergman H, Hogan DB, McDowell I, Mitnitski A. A global clinical measure of fitness and frailty in elderly people. CMAJ. 2005;173(5):489–95.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Mitnitski AB, Mogilner AJ, Rockwood K. Accumulation of deficits as a proxy measure of aging. ScientificWorldJournal. 2001;1:323–36.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Fisher C, Karalapillai DK, Bailey M, Glassford NG, Bellomo R, Jones D. Predicting intensive care and hospital outcome with the Dalhousie Clinical Frailty Scale: a pilot assessment. Anaesth Intensive Care. 2015;43(3):361–8.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Le Maguet P, Roquilly A, Lasocki S, Asehnoune K, Carise E, Saint Martin M, Mimoz O, Le Gac G, Somme D, Cattenoz C, et al. Prevalence and impact of frailty on mortality in elderly ICU patients: a prospective, multicenter, observational study. Intensive Care Med. 2014;40(5):674–82.

    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Gilbert T, Neuburger J, Kraindler J, Keeble E, Smith P, Ariti C, Arora S, Street A, Parker S, Roberts HC, et al. Development and validation of a Hospital Frailty Risk Score focusing on older people in acute care settings using electronic hospital records: an observational study. Lancet. 2018;391(10132):1775–82.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Nghiem S, Sajeewani D, Henderson K, Afoakwah C, Byrnes J, Moyle W, Scuffham P. Development of frailty measurement tools using administrative health data: A systematic review. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2020;89: 104102.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Bruno RR, Guidet B, Wernly B, Flaatten H, Jung C: Frailty assessment in very old intensive care patients: the Hospital Frailty Risk Score answers another question. Intensive Care Med. 2020.

  • Bruno RR, Wernly B, Flaatten H, Scholzel F, Kelm M, Jung C. The hospital frailty risk score is of limited value in intensive care unit patients. Crit Care. 2019;23(1):239.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Redfern OC, Harford M, Gerry S, Prytherch D, Watkinson PJ. Frailty and unplanned admissions to the intensive care unit: a retrospective cohort study in the UK. Intensive Care Med. 2020;46(7):1512–3.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • APD Data Dictionary ANZICS CORE – ADULT PATIENT DATABASE. https://www.anzics.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/08/ANZICS-APD-Dictionary.pdf

  • Soong J, Poots AJ, Scott S, Donald K, Woodcock T, Lovett D, Bell D. Quantifying the prevalence of frailty in English hospitals. BMJ Open. 2015;5(10):e008456.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • DeLong ER, DeLong DM, Clarke-Pearson DL. Comparing the areas under two or more correlated receiver operating characteristic curves: a nonparametric approach. Biometrics. 1988;44(3):837–45.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Paul E, Bailey M, Kasza J, Pilcher D. The ANZROD model: better benchmarking of ICU outcomes and detection of outliers. Crit Care Resusc. 2016;18(1):25–36.

    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Pilcher D, Paul E, Bailey M, Huckson S. The Australian and New Zealand Risk of Death (ANZROD) model: getting mortality prediction right for intensive care units. Crit Care Resusc. 2014;16(1):3–4.

    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Utino Taniguchi L, Ibrahim Q, Azevedo LCP, Stelfox HT, Bagshaw SM. Comparison of two frailty identification tools for critically ill patients: a post-hoc analysis of a multicenter prospective cohort study. J Crit Care. 2020;59:143–8.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Kundi H, Cetin EHO, Canpolat U, Aras S, Celik O, Ata N, Birinci S, Cay S, Ozeke O, Tanboga IH, et al. The role of frailty on adverse outcomes among older patients with COVID-19. J Infect. 2020;81(6):944–51.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Redfern OC, Harford M, Gerry S, Prytherch D, Watkinson PJ: Frailty assessment in very old intensive care patients: the Hospital Frailty Risk Score answers another question. Intensive Care Med. 2020.

  • Kristinsdottir EA, Long TE, Sigvaldason K, Karason S, Sigurdsson GH, Sigurdsson MI. Long-term survival after intensive care: a retrospective cohort study. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2020;64(1):75–84.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Williams TA, Dobb GJ, Finn JC, Knuiman MW, Geelhoed E, Lee KY, Webb SA. Determinants of long-term survival after intensive care. Crit Care Med. 2008;36(5):1523–30.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Darvall JN, Greentree K, Braat MS, Story DA, Lim WK. Contributors to frailty in critical illness: multi-dimensional analysis of the Clinical Frailty Scale. J Crit Care. 2019;52:193–9.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Dent E, Lien C, Lim WS, Wong WC, Wong CH, Ng TP, Woo J, Dong B, de la Vega S, Hua Poi PJ, et al. The Asia-Pacific Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Frailty. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2017;18(7):564–75.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Gregorevic KJ, Hubbard RE, Lim WK, Katz B. The clinical frailty scale predicts functional decline and mortality when used by junior medical staff: a prospective cohort study. BMC Geriatr. 2016;16:117.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Tipping CJ, Hodgson CL, Harrold M, Chan T, Holland AE. Frailty in patients with trauma who are critically ill: a prospective observational study to determine feasibility, concordance, and construct and predictive validity of 2 frailty measures. Phys Ther. 2019;99(8):1089–97.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Street A, Maynou L, Gilbert T, Stone T, Mason S, Conroy S. The use of linked routine data to optimise calculation of the Hospital Frailty Risk Score on the basis of previous hospital admissions: a retrospective observational cohort study. Lancet Healthy Longev. 2021;2(3):e154–62.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Aguayo GA, Donneau AF, Vaillant MT, Schritz A, Franco OH, Stranges S, Malisoux L, Guillaume M, Witte DR. Agreement between 35 published frailty scores in the general population. Am J Epidemiol. 2017;186(4):420–34.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Lindner T, Slagman A, Senkin A, Mockel M, Searle J. Medical history of elderly patients in the emergency setting: not an easy point-of-care diagnostic marker. Emerg Med Int. 2015;2015: 490947.

    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Gani F, Canner JK, Pawlik TM. Use of the Modified Frailty Index in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Improvement Program Database: Highlighting the Problem of Missing Data. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(2):205–7.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Kesmodel US. Information bias in epidemiological studies with a special focus on obstetrics and gynecology. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2018;97(4):417–23.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Shears M, Takaoka A, Rochwerg B, Bagshaw SM, Johnstone J, Holding A, Tharmalingam S, Millen T, Clarke F, Rockwood K, et al. Assessing frailty in the intensive care unit: A reliability and validity study. J Crit Care. 2018;45:197–203.

    Article 
    PubMed 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Rights and permissions

    Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.

    Disclaimer:

    This article is autogenerated using RSS feeds and has not been created or edited by OA JF.

    Click here for Source link (https://www.biomedcentral.com/)