Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, De Onis M, Ezzati M, et al. Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet. 2008;371(9608):243–60.
Onyango AW, Borghi E, de Onis M, del Carmen Casanovas M, Garza C. Complementary feeding and attained linear growth among 6–23-month-old children. Public Health Nutr. 2014;17(9):1975–83.
Organization WH. 2009. Infant and young child feeding: model chapter for textbooks for medical students and allied health professionals: World Health Organization.
Mulat E, Alem G, Woyraw W, Temesgen H. Uptake of minimum acceptable diet among children aged 6–23 months in orthodox religion followers during fasting season in rural area, DEMBECHA, north West Ethiopia. BMC Nutr. 2019;5(1):1–10.
Tette EM, Sifah EK, Tete-Donkor P, Nuro-Ameyaw P, Nartey ET. Feeding practices and malnutrition at the Princess Marie Louise Children’s hospital, Accra: what has changed after 80 years? BMC Nutr. 2016;2(1):1–10.
Rah JH, Akhter N, Semba RD, De Pee S, Bloem MW, Campbell AA, et al. Low dietary diversity is a predictor of child stunting in rural Bangladesh. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2010;64(12):1393–8.
Dewey K. Guiding principles for complementary feeding of the breastfed child. 2003.
Daelmans B, Ferguson E, Lutter CK, Singh N, Pachón H, Creed‐Kanashiro H, et al. Designing appropriate complementary feeding recommendations: tools for programmatic action. Matern Child Nutr. 2013;9:116-30.
Khanal V, Sauer K, Zhao YJ. Determinants of complementary feeding practices among Nepalese children aged 6–23 months: findings from demographic and health survey 2011. BMC Pediatr. 2013;13(1):1–13.
Beyene M, Worku AG, Wassie MM. Dietary diversity, meal frequency and associated factors among infant and young children in Northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15(1):1-9.
Organization WH. Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices part 3: country profiles. 2010.
Lele U, Masters WA, Kinabo J, Meenakshi J, Ramaswami B, Tagwireyi J, et al. Measuring food and nutrition security: An independent technical assessment and user’s guide for existing indicators. Food Secur Inform Netw. 2016;177.
Beyene M, Worku A, Wassie M. Dietary diversity, meal frequency and in Northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study associated factors among infant and young children. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:1007-16.
Tassew AA, Tekle DY, Belachew AB, Adhena BM. Factors affecting feeding 6–23 months age children according to minimum acceptable diet in Ethiopia: a multilevel analysis of the Ethiopian Demographic Health Survey. PLoS One. 2019;14(2):e0203098.
Roba KT, O’Connor TP, Belachew T, O’Brien NM. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices among mothers of children aged 6–23 months in two agro-ecological zones of rural Ethiopia. Int J Nutr Food Sci. 2016;5(3):185–94.
Mekonnen TC, Workie SB, Yimer TM, Mersha WF, Population, Nutrition. Meal frequency and dietary diversity feeding practices among children 6–23 months of age in Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia. J Health Popul Nutr. 2017;36(1):1–8.
Dangura D, Gebremedhin S. Dietary diversity and associated factors among children 6–23 months of age in Gorche district, Southern Ethiopia: Cross-sectional study. BMC Pediatr. 2017;17(1):1–7.
Ababa A, Calverton EJE, Demographic CE, Survey H. Central statistical agency (Ethiopia) and ICF international. 2011.
Organization WH. Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices: part 1: definitions: conclusions of a consensus meeting held 6–8 November 2007 in Washington DC. USA: World Health Organization; 2008.
Commission PC. Summary and statistical report of the 2007 population and housing census. Population size by age and sex. Canada: Springer; 2008.
Knutsson KE, Selinus R. Fasting in Ethiopia: An anthropological and nutritional study. Am J Clin Nutr. 1970;23(7):956-69.
Hoppe C, Mølgaard C, Michaelsen KF. Cow’s milk and linear growth in industrialized and developing countries. Annu Rev Nutr. 2006;26:131–73.
Bazzano AN, Potts KS, Mulugeta A. How do pregnant and lactating women, and young children, experience religious food restriction at the community level? A qualitative study of fasting traditions and feeding behaviors in four regions of Ethiopia. PLoS One. 2018;13(12):e0208408.
Kim SS, Nguyen PH, Tran LM, Abebe Y, Asrat Y, Tharaney M, et al. Maternal behavioural determinants and livestock ownership are associated with animal source food consumption among young children during fasting in rural Ethiopia. Matern Child Nutr. 2019;15(2):e12695.
Desalegn BB, Lambert C, Riedel S, Negese T, Biesalski HK. Feeding practices and undernutrition in 6–23-month-old children of Orthodox Christian mothers in rural Tigray, Ethiopia: longitudinal study. Nutrients. 2019;11(1):138.
Kumera G, Tsedal E, Ayana M. Dietary diversity and associated factors among children of Orthodox Christian mothers/caregivers during the fasting season in Dejen District, North West Ethiopia. Nutr Metab. 2018;15(1):1-9.
Organization WH. Strengthening action to improve feeding of infants and young children 6-23 months of age in nutrition and child health programmes: report of proceedings, Geneva, 6-9 October 2008. 2008.
Marriott BP, White A, Hadden L, Davies JC, Wallingford JC. World Health Organization (WHO) infant and young child feeding indicators: associations with growth measures in 14 low‐income countries. Matern Child Nutr. 2012;8(3):354–70.
Finance G. Economy directory (2017) Population Census projection in 2017. Gondar Finance and Economic office.
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). Improving young children’s diets during the complementary feeding period. UNICEF programming guidance. 2020
Mya KS, Kyaw AT, Tun T. Feeding practices and nutritional status of children age 6–23 months in Myanmar: a secondary analysis of the 2015–16 demographic and health survey. PLoS One. 2019;14(1):e0209044.
Worku T, Gonete KA, Muhammad EA, Atnafu A. Sustainable under nutrition reduction program and dietary diversity among children’s aged 6–23 months, Northwest Ethiopia: Comparative cross-sectional study. Int J Equity Health. 2020;19(1):1–11.
Gonete KA, Tariku A, Wami SD, Derso T. Prevalence and associated factors of anemia among adolescent girls attending high schools in Dembia District, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017. Arch Public Health. 2018;76(1):1–9.
Guirindola MO, Maniego MLV, Silvestre CJ, Acuin CCS. Determinants of meeting the minimum acceptable diet among Filipino children aged 6–23 months. Philipp J Sci. 2018;147(March):75–89.
Khan AM, Kayina P, Agrawal P, Gupta A, Kannan AT. A study on infant and young child feeding practices among mothers attending an urban health center in East Delhi. Indian J Public Health. 2012;56(4):301.
Birie B, Kassa A, Kebede E, Terefe B. Minimum acceptable diet practice and its associated factors among children aged 6–23 months in rural communities of Goncha district, north West Ethiopia. BMC Nutr. 2021;7(1):1–9.
Molla A, Egata G, Getacher L, Kebede B, Sayih A, Arega M, et al. Minimum acceptable diet and associated factors among infants and young children aged 6–23 months in Amhara region Central Ethiopia: community-based cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021;11(5):e044284.
Khatri D, Shrestha N. Factors Associated with Feeding Practices of Children in Kaski. J Health Allied Sci. 2016;5(1):14-20.
Taha Z, Garemo M, Nanda J. Complementary feeding practices among infants and young children in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. BMC Public Health. 2020;20(1):1-8.
Saaka M, Larbi A, Mutaru S, Hoeschle-Zeledon I. Magnitude and factors associated with appropriate complementary feeding among children 6–23 months in northern Ghana. BMC Nutr. 2016;2(1):1–8.
Sheikh N, Akram R, Ali N, Haque SR, Tisha S, Mahumud RA, et al. Infant and young child feeding practice, dietary diversity, associated predictors, and child health outcomes in Bangladesh. J Child Health Care. 2020;24(2):260–73.
Buzuayehu B. Minimum acceptable diet practice and its associated with household food security status (access) a, pmg cjo; drem 6–23, pmtj pf age om Tigray, Ethiopia: ACIPH; 2016.
Berhe Gebremichael GE, Assefa N. Dietary diversity practice and associated factors among infants and young children in Haramaya town, Ethiopia. Int J Public Health Sci. 2017;6(3):243-50.
Belew AK, Ali BM, Abebe Z, Dachew BA. Dietary diversity and meal frequency among infant and young children: a community based study. Ital J Pediatr. 2017;43(1):1-10.
Abebe H, Gashu M, Kebede A, Abata H, Yeshaneh A, Workye H, et al. Minimum acceptable diet and associated factors among children aged 6–23 months in Ethiopia. Ital J Pediatr. 2021;47(1):1–10.
Acharya A, Pradhan MR, Das AK. Determinants of Minimum Acceptable Diet Feeding among Children Aged 6–23 Months in Odisha, India. Public Health Nutr. 2021:1–27.
Rights and permissions
Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.