• Aarts, G., J. Fieberg, S. Brasseur, and J. Matthiopoulos. 2013. Quantifying the effect of habitat availability on species distributions. Journal of Animal Ecology 82: 1135–1145.

    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Agee, J.K. 1993. Fire ecology of Pacific Northwest forests. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Araujo, M.B., and M. Luoto. 2007. The importance of biotic interactions for modelling species distributions under climate change. Global Ecology and Biogeography 16: 743–753.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Beschta, R.L., J.J. Rhodes, J.B. Kauffman, R.E. Gresswell, G.W. Minshall, J.R. Karr, D.A. Perry, F.R. Hauer, and C.A. Frissell. 2004. Postfire management on forested public lands of the western United States. Conservation Biology 18: 957–967.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Brawn, J.D., S.K. Robinson, and F.R. Thompson III. 2001. The role of disturbance in the ecology and conservation of birds. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 251–276.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Burnett, R.D., and L.J. Roberts. 2015. A quantitative evaluation of the conservation umbrella of spotted owl management areas in the Sierra Nevada. PLoS ONE 10 (4): e0123778. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0123778.

    CAS 
    Article 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Cahall, R.E., and J.P. Hayes. 2009. Influences of postfire salvage logging on forest birds in the Eastern Cascades, Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1119–1128.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Campos, B.R., Q.S. Latif, R.D. Burnett, and V.A. Saab. 2020. Predictive habitat suitability models for nesting woodpeckers following wildfire in the Sierra Nevada and Southern Cascades of California. Condor 122: 1–27.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Coppoletta, M., K.E. Merriam, and B.M. Collins. 2016. Post-fire vegetation and fuel development influences fire severity patterns in reburns. Ecological Applications 26: 686–699.

    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Crotteau, J., J.M. Varner, and M. Ritchie. 2013. Post-fire regeneration across a fire severity gradient in the southern Cascades. Forest Ecology and Management 287: 103–112.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Donato, D.C., J.B. Fontaine, J.L. Campbell, W.D. Robinson, J.B. Kauffman, and B.E. Law. 2006. Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk. Science 311: 352.

    CAS 
    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Donato, D.C., J.B. Fontaine, W.D. Robinson, J.B. Kauffman, and B.E. Law. 2009. Vegetation response to a short interval between high-severity wildfires in a mixed-evergreen forest. Journal of Ecology 97: 142–154.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Dorazio, R.M., M. Kéry, J.A. Royle, and M. Plattner. 2010. Models for inference in dynamic metacommunity systems. Ecology 91: 2466–2475.

    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Fiske, I.J., and R.B. Chandler. 2011. Unmarked: an R Package for fitting hierarchical models of wildlife occurrence and abundance. Journal of Statistical Software 43: 1–23.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Fontaine, J. B. 2007. Influences of high severity fire and postfire salvage logging on avian and small mammal communities of the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon, USA. PhD dissertation. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, USA.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Fontaine, J.B., D.C. Donato, W.D. Robinson, B.E. Law, and J.B. Kauffman. 2009. Bird communities following high-severity fire: Response to single and repeat fires in a mixed-evergreen forest, Oregon, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 257: 1496–1504.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Haggard, M., and W.L. Gaines. 2001. Effects of stand-replacement fire and salvage logging on a cavity-nesting bird community in Eastern Cascades, Washington. Northwest Science 75: 387–396.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Hanson, C.T., and M.P. North. 2008. Postfire woodpecker foraging in salvage-logged and unlogged forests of the Sierra Nevada. Condor 110: 777–782.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Heiberger, R.M. 2018. HH: Statistical analysis and data display: Heiberger and Holland. R package version 3.1-35. URL https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=HH


    Google Scholar
     

  • Hutto, R.L., and S.M. Gallo. 2006. The effects of postfire salvage logging on cavity-nesting birds. Condor 108: 817–831.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Hutto, R.L., R.E. Keane, R.L. Sherriff, C.T. Rota, L.A. Eby, and V.A. Saab. 2016. Toward a more ecologically informed view of severe forest fires. Ecosphere 7 (2): e01255.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Johnstone, J.F., C.D. Allen, J.F. Franklin, L.E. Frelich, B.J. Harvey, P.E. Higuera, M.C. Mack, R.K. Meentemeyer, M.R. Metz, G.L. Perry, T. Schoennagel, and M.G. Turner. 2016. Changing disturbance regimes, ecological memory, and forest resilience. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 14: 369–378.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Koenig, W.D., E.L. Walters, P.B. Stacey, M.T. Stanback, and R.L. Mumme. 2019. Acorn woodpecker (Melanerpes formicivorus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America, ed. P.G. Rodewald. Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.acowoo.02.

    Chapter 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Koivula, M.J., and F.K.A. Schmiegelow. 2007. Boreal woodpecker assemblages in recently burned forested landscapes in Alberta, Canada: Effects of post-fire harvesting and burn severity. Forest Ecology and Management 242: 606–618.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Kotliar, N.B., S.J. Hejl, R.L. Hutto, V.A. Saab, C.P. Melcher, and M.E. McFadzen. 2002. Effects of fire and post-fire salvage logging on avian communities in conifer-dominated forests of the western United States. Studies in Avian Biology 25: 49–64.

  • Kramer, A., G.M. Jones, S.A. Whitmore, J.J. Keane, F.A. Atuo, B.P. Dotters, S.C. Sawyer, S.L. Stock, R.J. Gutierrez, and M.Z. Peery. 2021. California spotted owl habitat selection in a fire-managed landscape suggests conservation benefit of restoring historical fire regimes. Forest Ecology and Management 479: 118576.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Kronland, W.J., and M. Restani. 2011. Effects of post-fire salvage logging on cavity-nesting birds and small mammals in southeastern Montana. Canadian Field-Naturalist 125: 316–326.

  • Lee, D.E., M.L. Bond, M.I. Borchert, and R. Tanner. 2013. Influence of fire and salvage logging on site occupancy of spotted owls in the San Bernardino and San Jacinto Mountains of Southern California. Journal of Wildlife Management 77: 1327–1341.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Leverkus, A.B., J.M.R. Benayas, J. Castro, D. Boucher, S. Brewer, B.M. Collins, D. Donato, S. Fraver, B.E. Kishchuk, E. Lee, D.B. Lindenmayer, E. Lingua, E. Macdonald, R. Marzano, C.C. Rhoades, A. Royo, S. Thorn, J. Wagenbrenner, K. Waldron, T. Wohlgemuth, and L. Gustafsson. 2018. Salvage logging effects on regulating and supporting ecosystem services – A systematic map. Canadian Journal of Forestry 48: 983–1000.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Lindenmayer, D.B., and R.F. Noss. 2006. Salvage logging, ecosystem processes, and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 20: 949–958.

    CAS 
    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Lindenmayer, D.B., P.J. Burton, and J.F. Franklin. 2008. Salvage logging and its ecological consequences. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Lindenmayer, D.B., L. McBurney, D. Blair, J. Wood, and S.C. Banks. 2018. From unburnt to salvage logged: Quantifying bird responses to different levels of disturbance severity. Journal of Applied Ecology 55: 1626–1636.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Loffland, H.L., J.S. Polasik, M.W. Tingley, E.A. Elsey, C. Loffland, G. LeBuhn, and R.B. Siegel. 2017. Bumble bee use of post-fire chaparral in the central Sierra Nevada. Journal of Wildlife Management 81: 1084–1097.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Long, J.W., C. Skinner, S. Charnley, K. Hubbert, L. Quinn-Davidson, and M. Meyer. 2014. Chapter 4.3 – Post-Wildfire Management. In Science synthesis to support socioecological resilience in the Sierra Nevada and southern Cascade Range. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-247, ed. J.W. Long, L.N. Quinn-Davidson, and C.N. Skinner. Albancy: Pacific Southwest Research Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Miller, J.D., and H. Safford. 2012. Trends in wildfire severity: 1984 to 2010 in the Sierra Nevada, Modoc Plateau, and southern Cascades, California, USA. Fire Ecology 8: 41–57.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Miller, J.D., and A.E. Thode. 2007. Quantifying burn severity in a heterogeneous landscape with a relative version of the delta Normalized Burn Ratio (dNBR). Remote Sensing of Environment 109: 66–80.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Miller, J.D., E.E. Knapp, C.H. Key, C.N. Skinner, C.J. Isbell, R.M. Creasy, and J.W. Sherlock. 2009. Calibration and validation of the relative differenced Normalized Burn Ratio (RdNBR) to three measures of fire severity in the Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains, California, USA. Remote Sensing of Environment 113: 645–656.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Morissette, J.L., T.P. Cobb, R.M. Brigham, and P.C. James. 2002. The response of boreal forest songbird communities to fire and post-fire harvesting. Canadian Journal Forestry Research 32: 2169–2183.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Morrison, M.L. 2012. The habitat sampling and analysis paradigm has limited value in animal conservation: A prequel. Journal of Wildlife Management 76: 438–450.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • North, M. (ed.) 2012. Managing Sierra Nevada forests. PSW-GRT-237. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California, USA.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Oksanen, J., F.G. Blanchet, M. Friendly, R. Kindt, P. Legendre, D. McGlinn, P.R. Minchin, R.B. O’Hara, G.L. Simpson, P. Solymos et al. 2018. Vegan: Community ecology package. R Package Version 2.5-1. Available online: https://CRAN.R-project.org/package=vegan.


    Google Scholar
     

  • R Core Team. 2014. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Version 3.4.1. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Ralph, C.J., G.R. Geupel, P. Pyle, T.E. Martin, and D.F. DeSante. 1993 Handbook of field methods for monitoring landbirds. PSW-GTR-144. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California, USA.

    Book 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Ralph, C.J., S. Droege, and J.R. Sauer. 1995. Managing and monitoring birds using point counts: standards and applications. In Monitoring bird populations by point counts. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California, USA, ed. C.J. Ralph, J.R. Sauer, and S. Droege.

    Chapter 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Roberts, L.J., R.D. Burnett, and A.M. Fogg. 2021. Fire and mechanical forest management treatments support different portions of the bird community in fire-suppressed forests. Forests 12: 150. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12020150.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Rost, J., R.L. Hutto, L. Brotons, and P. Pons. 2013. Comparing the effect of salvage logging on birds in the Mediterranean Basin and the Rocky Mountains: Common patterns, different conservation implications. Biological Conservation 158: 7–13.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Russell, R.E., V.A. Saab, J.G. Dudley, and J.J. Rotella. 2006. Snag longevity in relation to wildfire and postfire salvage logging. Forest Ecology and Management 232: 179–187.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Saab, V.A., R.E. Russell, and J.G. Dudley. 2007. Nest densities of cavity-nesting birds in relation to postfire salvage logging and time since wildfire. Condor 109: 97–108.

  • Safford, H.D., and K.M. Van de Water. 2014. Using fire return interval departure (FRID) analysis to map spatial and temporal changes in fire frequency on national forest lands in California. PSW-RP-266. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Albany, California.

    Book 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Safford, H.D., R.J. Butz, G.N. Bohlman, M. Coppoletta, B.L. Estes, S.E. Gross, K.E. Merriam, M.D. Meyer, N.A. Molinari, and A. Wuenschel. 2021. Fire ecology of the North American Mediterranean-climate zone. In Fire ecology and management: Past, present, and future of US forested ecosystems, ed. C.H. Greenberg and B. Collins. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73267-7_9.

    Chapter 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Shatford, J.P.A., D.E. Hibbs, and K.J. Puettmann. 2007. Conifer regeneration after forest fire in the Klamath-Siskiyou: How much, how soon? Journal of Forestry 105: 1535–1549.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Sierra Nevada Ecoystem Project (SNEP). 1999. Sierra Nevada region digital elevation model. Available online: www.ice.ucdavis.edu/snep/dataset.asp?dataset=318 (Accessed 15 Mar 2013).


    Google Scholar
     

  • Smucker, K.M., R.L. Hutto, and B.M. Steele. 2005. Changes in bird abundance after wildfire: Importance of fire severity and time since fire. Ecological Applications 15: 1535–1549.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Sollmann, R., B. Gardner, R.B. Chandler, J.A. Royle, and T.S. Sillett. 2015. An open-population hierarchical distance sampling model. Ecology 96: 325–331.

    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Steel, Z.L., A.M. Fogg, R.D. Burnett. L.J. Roberts, and H.D. Safford. 2021. When bigger isn’t better – Implications of large high-severity wildfire patches for avian diversity and community composition. Diversity and Distributions 28: 439–453.

  • Steel, Z.L., H.D. Safford, and J.H. Viers. 2015. The fire frequency-severity relationship and the legacy of fire suppression in California forests. Ecosphere 6 (1): 8.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Steel, Z.L., M.J. Koontz, and H.D. Safford. 2018. The changing landscape of wildfire: Burn pattern trends and implications for California’s yellow pine and mixed conifer forest. Landscape Ecology 33: 1159–1176.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Steel, Z.L., B. Campos, W.F. Frick, R. Burnett, and H.D. Safford. 2019. The effects of wildfire severity and pyrodiversity on bat occupancy and diversity in fire-suppressed forests. Scientific Reports 9: 16300.

    CAS 
    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Stephens, S.L., S.W. Bigelow, R.D. Burnett, B.M. Collins, C.V. Gallagher, J. Keane, D.A. Kelt, M.P. North, L.J. Roberts, P.A. Stine, and D.H. Van Vuren. 2014. California spotted owl, songbird, and small mammal responses to landscape fuel treatments. Bioscience 64: 893–906.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Stevens, D.L., and A.R. Olsen. 2004. Spatially balanced sampling of natural resources. Journal of the American Statistical Association 99: 262–278.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Stillman, A.N., R.B. Siegel, R.L. Wilkerson, M. Johnson, and M.W. Tingley. 2019. Age-dependent habitat relationships of a burned forest specialist emphasise the role of pyrodiversity in fire management. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 880–890.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Swanson, M.E., J.F. Franklin, R.L. Beschta, C.M. Crisafulli, D.A. DellaSala, R.L. Hutto, D.B. Lindenmayer, and F.J. Swanson. 2010. The forgotten stage of forest succession: Early-successional ecosystems on forest sites. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 117–125.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Taillie, P.J., R.D. Burnett, L.J. Roberts, B.R. Campos, M.N. Peterson, and C.E. Moorman. 2018. Interacting and non-linear avian responses to mixed-severity wildfire and time since fire. Ecosphere 9 (6): e02291. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2291.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Tarbill, G.L., A.M. White, and P.N. Manley. 2018. The persistence of Black-backed Woodpeckers following delayed salvage logging in the Sierra Nevada. Avian Conservation and Ecology 13 (1): 16.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Thorn, S., C. Bässler, R. Brandl, P.J. Burton, R. Cahall, J.L. Campbell, J. Castro, C.Y. Choi, T. Cobb, D.C. Donato, E. Durska, J.B. Fonatine, S. Gathier, C. Hebert, T. Hothorn, R.L. Hutto, E.-J. Lee, A.B. Leverkus, D.B. Lindenmayer, M.K. Obrist, J. Rost, S. Seibold, R. Seidl, D. Thom, K. Waldron, B. Wermelinger, M. Winter, M. Zmihorski, and J. Müller. 2017. Impacts of salvage logging on biodiversity: A meta-analysis. Journal of Applied Ecology 2017 (00): 1–11.


    Google Scholar
     

  • Tingley, M.W., V. Ruiz-Gutierrez, R.L. Wilkerson, C.A. Howell, and R.B. Siegel. 2016a. Pyrodiversity promotes avian diversity over the decade following forest fire. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 283: 20161703.

    PubMed 
    PubMed Central 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Tingley, M.W., R.L. Wilkerson, C.A. Howell, and R.B. Siegel. 2016b. An integrated occupancy and home-range model to predict abundance of a wide-ranging, territorial vertebrate. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 7: 508–517.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • USDA Forest Service. 2004. Existing vegetation – CALVEG. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Remote Sensing Lab, McClellan, California, USA.


    Google Scholar
     

  • USDA Forest Service. 2013. Final environmental assessment: Chip-munk recovery and restoration project. Plumas National Forest, Quincy, California, USA. https://www.fs.usda.gov/project/?project=41149.


    Google Scholar
     

  • USDA Forest Service. 2014. Rim Fire recovery record of decision. R5-MB-270. Stanislaus National Forest, Sonora, California, USA. https://www.fs.usda.gov/nfs/11558/www/nepa/97293_FSPLT3_2326067.pdf


    Google Scholar
     

  • Webster, K.M., and C.B. Halpern. 2010. Long-term vegetation responses to reintroduction and repeated use of fire in mixed-conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada. Ecosphere 1 (5): art9.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Welch, K.R., H.D. Safford, and T.P. Young. 2016. Predicting conifer establishment post wildfire in mixed conifer forests of the North American Mediterranean-climate zone. Ecosphere 7: e01609.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Westerling, A.L., H.G. Hidalgo, D.R. Cayan, and T.W. Swetnam. 2006. Warming and earlier spring increase western U.S. Forest Wildfire Activity. Science 313: 940–943.

    CAS 
    PubMed 
    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • White, A.M., G.L. Tarbill, B. Wilkerson, and R. Siegel. 2019. Few detections of Black-backed Woodpeckers (Picoides arcticus) in extreme wildfires in the Sierra Nevada. Avian Conservation and Ecology 14 (1): 17.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Zmihorski, M.G., S. Hebda, J. Eggers, T. Mansson, D. Abrahamsson, W. Walankiewicz Czeszczewik, and G. Mikusinski. 2019. Early post-fire bird community in European boreal forest: Comparing salvage-logged with non-intervention areas. Global Ecology and Conservation 18 (2019): e00636.

    Article 

    Google Scholar
     

  • Rights and permissions

    Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

    Disclaimer:

    This article is autogenerated using RSS feeds and has not been created or edited by OA JF.

    Click here for Source link (https://www.springeropen.com/)